Culture of El Salvador

Folk dance –

Part of our culture

The dressing
In El Salvador there are different types of typical costumes, in which most are used in different festivities, although there are some villages that still use these. In the female costume it is common to see elements like a scapular, a shawl, a cloth and different colored ornaments, and with cotton cloth. And may be with a skirt and a blouse, or a dress, sandals are worn on the footwear. In men’s attire it is common to see a cotton suit, also in traditional festivities, they wear modern jeans, with a plaid shirt, in footwear, sandals or boots, and a hat. Actually they are of rural character, and they present different variations depending on the place.

Some of the typical foods of the country are beans with rice and herbs, fried yucca, tamales and of course Las pupusas, which were created by Los Pipiles, native people of El Salvador. They are prepared in the form of a thick tortilla, made with corn flour mass and filled with one or more ingredients, among which we can mention: Cheese, beans, pork chicharrones, etc.

Another variety is the rice pupusas, in which rice flour is used to make the dough.
Among the popular soft drinks can be mentioned horchata (made with ayote seeds -pepitoria-, cocoa and rice, sometimes added milk), which is often accompanied by marquesote (sweet bread very compact) in children’s parties or in prayers ( Novenarios); The fresh chan (of fleshy seeds), the marañon, mango, tamarind (acidic seeds of brown color), melon, pineapple; The fresh salad is very unique because it has maraschino hash, pineapple and other fruits.

In El Salvador the official language is the Castilian language. The way of speaking can mix words of indigenous origin as in gastronomy, causing what are the different idioms or salvadoreñismos. A small amount of the population speaks pipil language, as in Izalco and other towns, at the moment does not take the need to learn it, or is only remembered by old people. Among the pre-Columbian languages are chorotega, cacaopera, chorti language, xinca language, lenca, pocomam language.

They are the popular dances that fulfill a social function, one of the best known dances is the torito pinto. Traditional clothing is used, and may represent different historical events or rural activities, such as agriculture, livestock, are danced by several couples. They may have different choreography depending on what is going to be performed, accompanied by traditional music. They are usually celebrated on different dates and in different places. The classification of these dances is: Autoctones and Tradicionales.

The Catholic Church is the majority religious confession since the colonial period, since it has a parishionery close to 74% of the population. Protestant churches such as Anglicans, Lutherans, Pentecostals, Baptists, Seventh-day Adventists, Mormons and Jehovah’s Witnesses have experienced significant growth since the 1970s. Today about 20% of the population belongs to one of these Christian churches. There are also small Jewish and Islamic communities, originated by immigration.